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Prostate Cancer – Symptoms, Risk and Early Detection

Prostate cancer symptoms, risk factors and screening

Prostate cancer ranks as Singapore’s third most prevalent cancer in men, trailing only colorectal and lung cancer. In 2018, 1,199 cases of prostate cancer were reported, making up 13.4% of new cancer cases among men. The incidence rate of prostate cancer has risen over the last decade from 33.8 cases per 100,000 men in 2008 to 47.7 cases per 100,000 men in 2018.


It is vital for men to know the risk factors, symptoms, types, and screening methods for prostate cancer since it can develop slowly and often exhibit no symptoms until it has advanced.

Signs of prostate cancer include:

  • Difficulty urinating, like a weak or interrupted flow of urine
  • Frequent urge to urinate, particularly at night
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Pelvic area, lower back, or upper thigh discomfort or pain
  • Bone pain or fractures (in advanced stages)

Types of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer has two primary types – localised and advanced. The former remains confined to the prostate gland and has not spread to other body parts, while the latter has extended to other regions, such as the lungs, liver, or bones.

Are you at risk?

Several factors increase the risk of prostate cancer, such as age, family history, and obesity. Men with a family history of prostate cancer have a greater chance of developing the disease, and obese men may be more likely to develop aggressive forms of the disease.

How can I detect prostate cancer early?

Prostate Cancer test
DRE for prostate cancer

Screening tests:

PSA Test

Screening tests are critical to detect prostate cancer early when it is more treatable. The most widely used screening methods for prostate cancer include the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, digital rectal exam (DRE), transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), and prostate biopsy. A PSA test measures PSA levels, a protein produced by the prostate gland, in the blood. Elevated PSA levels can indicate prostate cancer, but they may also result from other conditions such as prostate infections or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

DRE Examination

A DRE is an examination in which a healthcare provider inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to feel for any irregularities in the prostate gland.


TRUS uses sound waves to generate pictures of the prostate gland. A small probe inserted into the rectum captures the images. A biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis if the PSA test, DRE, or TRUS suggests the presence of prostate cancer. During a biopsy, a small sample of tissue is taken from the prostate gland and analyzed under a microscope.

Make an appointment to get screened!

WhatsApp- 81883008

Prostate cancer is a severe ailment that affects numerous men. Being knowledgeable about the symptoms, types, risk factors, and screening methods of prostate cancer could help men make informed decisions about their health and seek appropriate medical care if necessary.

If you need to do a prostate examination or need to be screened, we’re here to help you make an appointment- drop us a line at 81883008. Connect with our specialists now!

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